The prevalence of diabetes is increasing at an alarming rate in especially low and middle income countries. Type 2 diabetes, typically mediated by, among other things, genetics and family history, excess body weight and sedentary lifestyles, makes up the great majority of such cases.

There is also a strong link between increased body weight and the onset of type 2 diabetes. A recent study even projected that obesity prevalence will continue to rise globally over the next decade. The rise in type 2 diabetes cases requires urgent attention as people with this condition are at greater risk for heart attacks, strokes and blindness.

Although this may seem all doom and gloom, diabetes can be treated. It should be regularly monitored, and can be managed by various drug regimens prescribed by physicians. Significant lifestyle changes, as well as a balanced diet, can also help in this regard. It is also important to reduce the daily calorie intake by roughly eating 20 percent less per meal.